Technical Education in India

The history of inculcating formal technical education in India started in the 19th century although it got momentum in 20th century with the onset of Constitution of Technical Education Committee of Central Advisory Board of Education (CABE). After India achieved Independence in the year 1947, the head-start of technical education emerged as a major concern for the Indian Government in order to face upcoming challenges and bring the country ahead.

The established the Indian Institutes of Technology, Indian Institutes of Management and Indian Institutes of Science were a vital step in the development of technical education in the Indian subcontinent. The ability of these institutions to produce competent and hard core intelligent scientists and engineers had managed to change the outlook of Indian on the global front. India was earlier known for yoga, meditation and holy places, but now it is reckoned for computer engineers.

Therefore, in order to maintain the standard of technical education all across the country, a statutory authority namely- The All India Council for Technical Education was set up in 1945. AICTE is renowned for planning, formulating and sustaining similar standards through accreditation, funding in particular colleges, monitoring and evaluation and awards thereby ascertaining coordination in management of technical education in India.

The main objective of these authorities is to ensure that all the admission procedures, selection criteria, entrance examination and information regarding allied preparation material are carried out appropriately all across the country. Under the term ‘Technical’, there comes a number of courses which include degree and diploma courses in Engineering, Master degree Courses in Engineering, Master of Computer Application (MCA), Master of Business Administration (MBA), Pharmacy Courses, Courses in Architecture and Applied Arts and Hotel Management and Catering Technology Courses.